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Allergy to house dust

MAIN ALLERGY CAUSES

This type of allergy is most common among children and adults with sensitive immunity.

First, let’s look at what household dust is.

This is a collection of microscopic particles of various types of allergens. Such as household mites, plant pollen, spores of fungal organisms (mold, yeast), dead skin cells of animals, as well as dust from their metabolic products (saliva, dandruff, etc.) . It is to these irritants that the body of an allergic person actively reacts.

The exacerbation of the disease most often occurs in the autumn-winter period. After all, it is at this time that a favorable environment is created for the reproduction of the main allergen – dust mites. This small companion of any dwelling cannot be seen with the naked eye, because it has a size of about 0.4 mm, but its waste products are a powerful allergen. This domestic parasite feeds on dead particles of human and animal epidermis and lives in a dark, warm environment (mattresses, blankets, pillows). An uninterrupted source of “food”, a humid and dark environment is a paradise for these dangerous organisms. Its microscopic decay products end up in household dust and then on human mucous membranes [4]. His “population” in the house has up to a billion individuals. And given that the size of the tick’s feces exceeds the size of the body itself at times, the size of the accumulation of irritants can only be imagined. In four months of his life, he can lay about three hundred eggs, so the harm from such a “neighbor” should not be underestimated. It is clear that it will not be possible to completely exterminate it, but if there are allergy sufferers among your loved ones, it is worth and necessary to fight [1].

These tiny pests are afraid of frost, ultraviolet rays and cleanliness.

PREVENTION OF ALLERGY TO DUST

Therefore, set new housekeeping rules for yourself:

  • Do wet cleaning twice a week throughout the house, in the children’s room as often as possible.
  • Use a powerful vacuum cleaner with special filters that trap allergens.
  • Avoid decorative armchairs, extra sofa cushions and soft toys as much as possible.
  • Do not keep an old library in the house.
  • Use blankets, mattresses with synthetic fillers. Replace them more often if possible.
  • Change bedding at least twice a week and wash it with salted water at a temperature of at least 60 degrees.
  • Ventilate your home daily.
  • Dry all the soft parts of the interior and sleeping place in the sun and in the frosty air.

And in cases with a child, take the following measures:

• Preventive conversations on the topic “how allergies affect my body.” Explain to the child that allergies lead to complex consequences, so it is better to report health problems in advance.

Explain that he/she needs to beware of dusty rooms. It is better to bypass old attics and pantries.

• Visit doctor. Specialists in this field are allergists, immunologists. Explain to the child that it will be necessary to take a blood test to determine the causative agents of allergies in order to beware of them in the future.

NUTRITION DURING AN ALLERGY flare-up

During the period of exacerbation of allergic reactions, the body’s immune system is in a state of alarm and feels a significant load. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the diet of the child [3].

Eliminate from the diet:

• Fresh milk and eggs

• Fish and seafood

• Meat other than white chicken and turkey

• Hard cheese

• Smoked products

• Spicy vegetables (radish, horseradish)

• Sour fruits (pineapple, citrus)

• Mushrooms

• Melons

• Honey

• Canned food, industrial sausages

Suggest to a sick child:

• Dairy products

• Meat (chicken and turkey, beef , but not veal)

• Cream soups from allowed vegetables

• Kashi (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal)

• Vegetables (potatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, greens)

• Dried fruits compote

• Teas

• Crackers, pita bread, yeast -free cakes

Steam, boil, bake, but never fry. Add vegetable oils such as olive and sunflower.

Your task is to facilitate the work of the child’s body. During periods of exacerbation of allergies, he has something to do. And harmful products only enhance the effect of external allergens.

TREATMENT OF ALLERGY TO HOUSEHOLD DUST

In modern medicine, there are many ways to treat allergic manifestations, for example:

  • local treatment of rashes with creams, ointments, special solutions.
  • injection into the respiratory tract of therapeutic aerosols.
  • salt washing of the sinuses.
  • in more complex cases, antihistamines and hormonal drugs are used.
  • also, in severe manifestations, allergen-specific immunotherapy is used. (Gradual introduction into the patient’s body of increasing doses of the extract of the allergen to which the patient has hypersensitivity and which is responsible for the clinical manifestations of the disease, that is, the cause of the disease) [2].

Remember that disease prevention is always easier and safer than fighting and curing.

To establish an accurate diagnosis (if you or your child has allergy symptoms) and prescribe treatment, be sure to consult a doctor.

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